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0000-00-00 - COMPREHENSIVE ZONING BY-LAW
THE TOWNSHIP OF MADOC COMPREHENSIVE ZONING BY-LAW

Prepared by:
AINLEY GRAHAM & ASSOCIATES LIMITED

CONSULTING ENGINEERS AND PLANNERS

157 FRONT STREET

BELLEVILLE, ONTARIO

K8N 2Y6
FEBRUARY, 2002

FILE NO.: 21531-1

TOWNSHIP OF MADOC ZONING BY-LAW

T A B L E O F C O N T E N T S


SECTION 1 - PURPOSE 1


SECTION 2 - TITLE 1


SECTION 3 - DEFINITIONS 2


SECTION 4 - ADMINISTRATION 31




4.1 ZONING ADMINISTRATION 31

4.2 ISSUANCE OF BUILDING PERMITS 31

4.3 APPLICATIONS FOR BUILDING PERMITS 31

4.4 INSPECTION OF LAND OR BUILDINGS 32

4.5 VIOLATIONS AND PENALTIES 32

4.6 OCCUPATION OF BUILDINGS 32

4.7 CERTIFICATE OF CONVERSION 32

4.8 VALIDITY, EFFECTIVE DATE AND EXISTING BY-LAWS 33


SECTION 5 - GENERAL PROVISIONS 34


5.1 APPLICATION 34

5.2 INTERPRETATION 34

5.3 ZONES 34

5.4 HOLDING ZONES 35

5.5 PROHIBITIONS 36

5.6 PLANNED WIDTH OF ROAD 37

5.7 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION (EP) AND ENVIRONMENTAL

PROTECTION WETLAND (EPW) ZONES 38

5.8 ENVIRONMENTALLY SENSITIVE LANDS 38

5.9 LANDS ADJACENT TO WATERBODIES, WATERCOURSES,

EMBANKMENTS, FLOODPLAINS AND ENVIRONMENTALLY SENSITIVE LANDS 39

5.10 NON-CONFORMING USES 40

5.11 NON-COMPLIANCE OF EXISTING USES 41

5.12 REPLACEMENT OF BUILDINGS OR STRUCTURES 41

5.13 EXISTING UNDERSIZED LOTS 41

5.14 YARD ENCROACHMENTS PERMITTED 42

5.15 LANDS SEVERED BY PUBLIC UTILITY LINES 43

5.16 TEMPORARY USES 43

5.17 PUBLIC USES AND UTILITIES AND COMMUNITY FACILITIES 43

5.18 MULTIPLE USES ON ONE LOT 44

5.19 DWELLING OR DWELLING UNIT AS AN ACCESSORY USE IN

A NON-RESIDENTIAL SETTING 44

5.20 PROHIBITED USES 45

5.21 OBNOXIOUS USES 46

5.22 SPECIAL OCCASION USES 46

5.23 TRUCK, BUS AND COACH BODIES 46

5.24 SWIMMING POOLS 47

5.25 ACCESSORY BUILDINGS 47

5.26 FRONTAGE ON A STREET 48

5.27 RESIDENTIAL EXTERIOR SIDE YARDS 48

5.28 SIGHT TRIANGLES 48

5.29 HOME OCCUPATIONS 49

5.30 HOME INDUSTRY 49

5.31 OFF STREET PARKING PROVISION 51

5.32 LOADING SPACE REQUIREMENTS 55

5.33 GROUP HOMES 56

5.34 GARDEN SUITES 57

5.35 AREAS OF INFLUENCE - MX, WD ZONES AND AREAS OF MINERAL

AGGREGATE PRESERVATION 58

5.36 AGRICULTURE - MINIMUM DISTANCE SEPARATION 58

5.37 SECONDARY FARM OCCUPATION 58

5.38 WATERTAKING PERMITS 59

5.39 OPEN STORAGE 59

5.40 EXTERNAL DESIGN 59

5.41 HEIGHT EXCEPTIONS 59

5.42 ABANDONED EQUIPMENT 60

5.43 STORAGE AND PARKING OF MOTOR VEHICLES AND

TRACTOR TRAILER TRUCKS 60

5.44 INTERIOR SIDE YARD - MARINE FACILITIES, COMMUNAL

DOCKS AND GARAGES 60

5.45 OUTDOOR WOODBURNING FURNACES 61

5.46 TRAVEL TRAILERS, MOTORIZED MOBILE HOMES/RECREATIONAL

VEHICLES, CAMPER TRAILERS, TRUCK CAMPERS 61

5.47 AGRICULTURE - LIVESTOCK AND MINIMUM LOT SIZE 61

5.48 FENCES 61

5.49 LIMITED SERVICE RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENT 62

5.50 MINIMUM GROSS FLOOR AREA IN A DWELLING UNIT 62

5.51 TRUCK TRAILER BOX 62


SECTION 6 - RU - RURAL ZONE 63


SECTION 7 - RR - RURAL RESIDENTIAL 67


SECTION 8 - LSR - LIMITED SERVICE RESIDENTIAL 71


SECTION 9 - WR - WATERFRONT RESIDENTIAL 73


SECTION 10 - R1 - RESIDENTIAL FIRST DENSITY ZONE 75


SECTION 11 - R2 - RESIDENTIAL SECOND DENSITY ZONE 77


SECTION 12 - MR - MULTIPLE RESIDENTIAL ZONE 79


SECTION 13 - C - COMMERCIAL ZONE 81


SECTION 14 - RRC - RECREATIONAL/RESORT COMMERCIAL 88


SECTION 15 - I - INDUSTRIAL ZONE 93


SECTION 16 - MX - MINERAL EXTRACTIVE ZONE 97


SECTION 17 - M - MINING ZONE 101


SECTION 18 - WD - WASTE DISPOSAL ZONE 102


SECTION 19 - CF - COMMUNITY FACILITY ZONE 105


SECTION 20 - GH - GROUP HOME ZONE 107


SECTION 21 - OS - OPEN SPACE ZONE 108


SECTION 22 - EPW - ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION WETLAND ZONE 109


SECTION 23 - EP - ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ZONE 110





APPENDIX 1 - MINIMUM DISTANCE SEPARATION I





APPENDIX 2 - MINIMUM DISTANCE SEPARATION II





THE CORPORATION OF THE TOWNSHIP OF MADOC




ZONING BY-LAW

(By-law No. )




SECTION 1 - PURPOSE




This comprehensive Zoning By-law is intended to prohibit the use of land and the erection or use of buildings or structures for or except for such purposes as set down in this by-law; to prohibit the erection or use of buildings on land which is subject to flooding, or on land by reason of its rocky, marshy or unstable character the cost of construction of satisfactory waterworks, sewage, or drainage facilities is prohibitive; to regulate the height, bulk, location, size, floor area, spacing, character and use of buildings or structures; to regulate the minimum frontage and depth of a parcel of land and the portion of the area thereof that any building or structure may occupy; to require loading and parking facilities for buildings or structures erected or used for certain purposes; to prohibit the making or establishment of pits and quarries within defined areas and to regulate the making or establishment of pits and quarries within defined areas of the municipality.




SECTION 2 - TITLE




This By-law shall be cited as "Zoning By-law No. " and shall apply to all land included within the Township of Madoc as shown on the attached Schedules.






BY-LAW 581 OF THE TOWNSHIP OF MADOC AND ALL AMENDMENTS HERETO ARE HEREBY REPEALED.




READ A FIRST TIME THIS DAY OF , 2002.




READ A SECOND TIME THIS DAY OF , 2002.




READ A THIRD TIME AND FINALLY PASSED THIS DAY OF , 2002.





Original Signed by: Original Signed by:

Reeve Clerk-Treasurer




I hereby certify that the following is a true copy of By-law No. as enacted by the Council of the Corporation of the Township of Madoc.




day of , 2002.





Clerk-Treasurer, Township of Madoc








SECTION 3 - DEFINITIONS




For the purposes of this By-law, the definitions and interpretations in this Section shall govern unless the context indicates otherwise. The word "shall" is mandatory and not directory. Words used in the present tense include the future tense and the reverse. Words used in the plural number include the singular number and the reverse.




3.1 "ABANDONED" shall mean the failure to proceed expeditiously with the construction of a work, specifically abeyance of construction for six months.




3.2 "ABATTOIR" shall mean a slaughter-house designed for the purpose of killing animals, skinning, dressing and cutting up of carcasses, wrapping for sale for human consumption with cooler and freezer storage and may include indoor confinement of animals while awaiting slaughter but shall not include the manufacturing of meat by-products or any process related to rendering plants such as the manufacture of tallow, grease, glue, fertilizer, or any other inedible product.




3.3 "ACCESSORY BUILDING" shall mean a detached building or structure, the use of which is customarily incidental and subordinate to a principal use, building or structure and located on the same lot therewith and includes, but is not limited to, the following: sauna, boathouse, gazebo, pumphouse, deck, detached private garage and detached carport.


3.4 "ACCESSORY USE" shall mean a use customarily incidental and subordinate to, and exclusively devoted to the main use of the lot, building or structure and located on the same lot as such main use.




3.5 "ADJACENT LANDS (WETLAND)" shall mean those lands within 120 metres (393.7 ft.) of an individual Environmental Protection Wetland Zone.




3.6 "AGRICULTURE/AGRICULTURAL USE" shall mean the use of land, buildings or structures for the purposes of the growing of field crops, flower gardening, market gardening, berry crops, tree crops, nurseries, aviaries, apiaries or farms for the grazing, breeding, raising, boarding of livestock or any other similar uses carried on in the field of general agriculture, including the sale of such produce, crops or livestock on the same lot. Agriculture/Agricultural Use shall not include Intensive Agricultural uses as defined in this by-law.




3.7 "AGRICULTURE, INTENSIVE" shall mean lands which are used for the purposes of accommodating livestock which either exceed 150 livestock units, or exceed 50 livestock units with a livestock density of greater than 5 livestock units per tillable hectare.




3.8 "AGRICULTURAL PRODUCE SALES OUTLET" shall mean a seasonal use accessory to a farm which consists of the retail sale of agricultural products such as fruit, vegetables, flower or farm produce, the majority of which are produced on the farm where such outlet is located.




3.9 "ALTER" shall mean any alteration in a bearing wall or partition, column, beam, girder or other supporting member of a building or structure or any increase in the area or cubic contents of a building or structure. When used in reference to a lot, the word "alter" means to decrease the width, depth or area of any required yard, setback, landscaped open space or parking area or to change the location of any boundary of such lot with respect to a public highway or laneway, whether such alteration is made by conveyance or alienation of any portion of said lot or otherwise. The words "altered" and "alteration" shall have a corresponding meaning.




3.10 "AMUSEMENT ARCADE" shall mean a building or place of amusement containing games of chance and/or skill, including pinball/video games and billiards to be used by the general public for recreational purposes and operated for a profit. This definition does not include an establishment, the primary use of which is not an amusement arcade and in which not more than 3 such games of chance are located.




3.11 "ARENA" shall mean a building or structure constructed around an ice rink, including spectator seating, two or more seating areas for visiting teams and provisions made for storage and access of ice cleaning equipment and all other required equipment used for the purpose of organized activities including sports and other group functions.




3.12 "ASSEMBLY HALL" shall mean a building, or part of a building, in which facilities are provided for such purposes as meetings for civic, educational, political, religious or social purposes and shall include a banquet hall, private club or fraternal organization.




3.13 "ASSEMBLY OPERATION" shall mean the assembling of finished parts or materials into a final product but shall not include any large scale manufacturing operation or any operation discharging large amounts of liquids.




3.14 "AUCTION OUTLET" shall mean a building or part of a building where goods, merchandise, substances, articles or things are sold at a public sale to the person who bids or offers a higher price than any other is willing to pay.




3.15 "AUTOMOBILE" shall mean any vehicle, including a motor vehicle, propelled or driven otherwise than by muscular power, but does not include railway cars powered by steam, electricity or diesel fuel or other vehicles running upon rails or a motorized snow vehicle, traction engine, farm tractor, self-propelled implement of husbandry or road-building machine within the meaning of the Highway Traffic Act.




3.16 "AUTOMOBILE BODY SHOP" shall mean a building where automotive cleaning, polishing, body repair and repainting is conducted but shall not include any other automotive use.




3.17 "AUTOMOBILE SALES AGENCY (New and Used)" shall mean a building and/or lot used for the display and sale of new and used automobiles and may include the servicing, repair and repainting of automobiles, the leasing or renting of utility or boat trailers and automobiles and the sale of automotive accessories and related products, but shall not include any other defined automotive use.




3.18 "AUTOMOBILE SERVICE STATION" shall mean a building or place where gasoline, propane, natural gas, diesel, oil, grease, anti-freeze, tires, tubes, tire accessories, spark plugs, batteries and other related items for automobiles, trucks, motorcycles, and snowmobiles are stored or kept for sale, or where such vehicles may be oiled, greased, washed or have their ignitions or brakes adjusted, tires inflated, batteries charged or more generally where repair or equipping of automobiles is executed or performed. An automobile service station may operate on a self-serve basis.




3.19 "BASEMENT" shall mean that portion of a building or structure which is partly underground and below the first floor and which has at least one half of its clear height above the adjoining ground level.




3.20 "BASEMENT, WALKOUT" shall mean that portion of a building which is partly underground, but which has more than 50% of the floor area not greater than .5 metres (1.6 ft.) below grade, and which has an entrance and exit at grade level.




3.21 "BED AND BREAKFAST ESTABLISHMENT" shall mean a single detached dwelling containing not more than 4 guest rooms used or maintained for the short-term accommodation of the public, in which the owner or head lessee supplies, for hire or gain, lodgings with or without meals for 4 or more persons but does not include other establishments otherwise defined or classified herein.




3.22 "BOARDING OR ROOMING HOUSE" shall mean a dwelling in which long-term lodging with or without meals is supplied for gain to not more than 4 guest rooms but does not mean or include a motel, hotel, hospital or similar commercial, community facility or institutional use, an apartment building or a bed and breakfast establishment.




3.23 "BOATHOUSE, PRIVATE" shall mean a detached accessory building or structure which is designed or used for the sheltering of a boat or other form of water transportation and storage of household equipment incidental to the residential occupancy, which does not exceed 4.1 metres (13.45 ft.) In height, as defined in this by-law.




3.24 "BUILDING (when used as a noun)" shall mean any structure whether temporary or permanent, used or built for the shelter, accommodation or enclosure of persons, animals, materials, or equipment. Any tent, awning, bin, silo, vessel or vehicle used for any of the said purposes shall be deemed a building.




3.25 "BUILDING HEIGHT" shall mean the vertical distance between the established grade and:




i) the highest point of a flat roof;

ii) the deck line of a mansard roof;

iii) the mean height between the eaves and ridges of a gabled or hip roof;




but exclusive of:




i) a roof or penthouse structure accommodating an elevator, staircase, tank, ventilating fan or other similar equipment; a smoke stack; barn; silo; communications tower; drive-in theatre screen; or other utilitarian structure which does not provide habitable living space.

3.26 "BUILDING SUPPLY OUTLET" shall mean an establishment involved in the storage, display and sales of building supplies including lumber, millwork, siding, roofing, plumbing, electrical, heating, air conditioning and similar items.




3.27 "BUILDING, PRINCIPAL" shall mean a building or structure in which the primary use is conducted.




3.28 "BULK STORAGE YARD" shall mean a place where land is used for the storage in the open of goods and materials, machinery, petroleum products and/or equipment, but does not include the storage of such items as would require approval under the Public Health Act, as amended, nor does it include a salvage yard as defined by this by-law.




3.29 "BUSINESS, ADMINISTRATIVE OR PROFESSIONAL OFFICE" shall mean any building or part of a building in which one or more persons are employed in the management or direction of any agency, business, brokerage, labour or fraternal organization and shall include offices for doctors, dentists, optometrists, chiropractors, drugless practitioners, barristers, solicitors, engineers, architects, land surveyors or chartered accountants and for any purpose incidental thereto the administrative office or offices of a non-profit organization or a business, administrative or professional office or offices.




3.30 "BY-LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER" shall mean the officer or employee of the municipality appointed by the Corporation with the duty of administering and enforcing the provisions of all municipal by-laws.




3.31 "CABIN, TOURIST" shall mean a detached building for the sleeping accommodation of guests in which sanitary facilities may be provided but shall not contain any facilities for the preparation or cooking of food.




3.32 "CAMP, CHARITABLE" shall mean a seasonal camp operated by a charitable corporation approved under the Charitable Institutions Act.




3.33 "CAMPER TRAILER" shall mean any vehicle in which the assembly can be erected, while stationary, using the trailer body and related components for support and utilized for temporary living, shelter and sleeping accommodation with or without cooking facilities, which is collapsible and compact while being drawn by an automobile.




3.34 "CAMPING ESTABLISHMENT" shall mean a tourist establishment consisting of at least five (5) camping lots and comprising land used or maintained as grounds for the camping or temporary parking of travel trailers, motorized mobile homes/recreational vehicles, truck campers, camper trailers or tents but does not include parks or camping grounds maintained by any ministry or department of the Government of Ontario or Canada or any Crown corporation, commission or board.




3.35 "CARPORT" shall mean a building or structure of which is used for the parking or storage of private passenger automobiles or commercial vehicles of less than one tonne capacity and wherein neither servicing nor repairing of automobiles is carried on for remuneration.




3.36 "CAR WASH" shall mean a building or structure for the operation of automobile washing.




3.36.1 "CAR WASH, AUTOMATIC" shall mean a car wash where the labour is not supplied by the patron.




3.36.2 "CAR WASH, COIN OPERATED" shall mean a car wash where the patron supplies the labour.




3.37 "CARTAGE OR EXPRESS TRUCK TERMINAL" shall mean a building, structure or place where trucks or tractor trailers are rented, leased, kept for hire, or stored or parked for remuneration, or from which trucks or transports, stored or parked on the property, are dispatched for hire as common carriers, and which may include a warehouse.




3.38 "CELLAR" shall mean the portion of a building or structure which is partly underground and below the first floor and which has at least one half of its clear height below the adjoining ground level.




3.39 "CERTIFICATE OF OCCUPANCY" shall mean a certificate issued by the Chief Building Official for the occupancy of any land, building or structure, residential, commercial or industrial purposes to the effect that the proposed use or activity complies with this By-law.




3.40 "CHIEF BUILDING OFFICIAL" shall mean the officer or employee of the municipality and appointed by the Corporation with the duty of administering the provisions of the Ontario Building Code, Building By-law and Zoning By-law.




3.41 "CEMETERY" shall mean a cemetery or columbarium within the meaning of the Cemetery Act, as amended.




3.42 "CHURCH" shall mean a building which may include a church hall, auditorium, sunday school, convent, monastery or other related uses, dedicated to public worship by a recognized religion that is:




i) charitable according to the laws of Ontario;

ii) organized for the conduct of religious worship; and

iii) permanently established both as to the continuity of its existence and as to its religious beliefs and practices.




3.43 "CLINIC" shall mean a building or part thereof used by qualified medical practitioners, dentists, osteopaths, or drugless practitioners, numbering more than two for public or private medical, surgical, physiotherapeutic or other human health purposes, but does not include a private or public hospital.




3.44 "CLUB" see "PRIVATE CLUB" and "COMMERCIAL CLUB".




3.45 "COMMERCIAL" shall mean the use of land, buildings or structures for the purpose of buying and selling commodities and supplying services as distinguished from such uses as the manufacturing or assembling of goods, warehousing, transport terminals, construction and other similar uses.




3.46 "COMMERCIAL CLUB" shall mean a building or part of a building where a club is operated for gain or profit and may include facilities for physical fitness and recreation.




3.47 "COMMERCIAL VEHICLE" shall mean any automobile having permanently attached thereto a truck or delivery body and includes ambulances, hearses, fire apparatus, police patrols, motor busses including school busses and tractor trailers used for hauling purposes on the highway.




3.48 "CONSERVATION/CONSERVATION USES" shall mean the preservation, protection, improvement and use of land and/or water for the purpose of planned management of these natural resources.




3.49 "COMMUNITY CENTRE" shall mean any tract of land, building or buildings used for community activities whether used for commercial purposes or not, the control of which is operated under the Community Centres Act, as amended from time to time.




3.50 "CONTRACTOR'S YARD" shall mean a place where land is used for the storage in the open, of goods and materials, machinery and/or equipment normally utilized by the construction industry and may include the repair of machinery, but does not include the storage of such items as would require approval under the Public Health Act, R.S.O. 1980, Chapter 400, as amended, nor does it include a salvage yard as defined by this by-law nor equipment or materials used for blasting.




3.51 "CONVERTED DWELLING" see "DWELLING, CONVERTED".




3.52 "CORNER LOT" see "LOT, CORNER".




3.53 "CORPORATION" shall mean the Corporation of the Township of Madoc.




3.54 "COTTAGE, HOUSEKEEPING" shall mean a temporary dwelling unit in a tourist establishment designed for human habitation and equipped with a kitchen, and having a water supply in common with the other buildings in a group, should the cottage be part of a group of similar cottages.




3.55 "COUNCIL" shall mean the Municipal Council of the Corporation of the Township of Madoc.




3.56 "CRAFT SHOP" shall mean a building or structure where manufacturing is performed by tradesmen or craftsmen requiring manual or mechanical skills and may include a carpenter's shop, a locksmith's shop, a gunsmith's shop, a tinsmith's shop, a potter's shop, a jeweller's shop, sculptor's studio or similar uses. A craft shop may also involve the sale of goods or materials manufactured on the premises.




3.57 "DAY NURSERY" shall mean a facility operated for pre-school age children within the meaning of The Day Nurseries Act, as amended.




3.58 "DECK" shall mean a horizontal surface supported on piers, free of any roof or other covering and which may be surrounded by a railing, the height of which is governed by the Ontario Building Code.




3.59 "DEER YARD" shall mean any area where deer concentrate in the winter months.




3.60 "DERELICT VEHICLE" shall mean an automobile, whether or not intact or operable, which:




i) is not currently licensed or is not exempt from licencing for operation on a highway under the provisions of the Highway Traffic Act; and

ii) has not been moved under its own power during any period of 21 consecutive days; and

iii) is not located in an enclosed building or other location so as not to be visible from any adjacent lands which are not occupied by the owner of the vehicle,




but shall not include an automobile which is kept for sale or repair upon premises which are lawfully used hereunder for an automobile body shop, automobile service station or an automobile sales agency.




3.61 "DEVELOPMENT" shall mean the construction, erection, or placing of a building or structure of any kind or the making of an addition or alteration to a building or structure that has the effect of increasing the size or usability thereof, and includes such related activities as site grading and the placing or dumping of fill and/or any other operations that disrupt the natural environment in, on, over or under land or water.




3.62 "DOCK" shall mean a structure built at or anchored to the shore at which boats or other floating vessels are berthed or secured to and which may provide a foundation for a boathouse.




3.63 "DOCK, COMMUNAL" shall mean any dock owned and/or used by more than one interest.




3.64 "DRY CLEANING SHOP" see "LAUNDRY AND DRY CLEANING SHOP".




3.65 "DRIVE-IN RESTAURANT" see "RESTAURANT, DRIVE-IN".




3.66 "DRIVEWAY" shall mean an area of land which provides vehicular access from the travelled portion of a street to a parking aisle.




3.67 "DRY INDUSTRY" shall mean an industry which does not require the excessive use of water or other fluids in an industrial process.




3.68 "DUPLEX" see "DWELLING, DUPLEX".




3.69 "DWELLING" shall mean a building or structure or part of a building or structure occupied and capable of being occupied for human habitation, and includes a building that would be or could be intended to be used for such purpose except for its state of disrepair and shall include any mobile dwelling unit.




3.70 "DWELLING, ACCESSORY" shall mean a single detached dwelling which is accessory to a permitted non-residential use, located on the same lot therein and is occupied by either the owner or the person employed on the lot where such dwelling is located.




3.71 "DWELLING UNIT" shall mean a suite of two or more rooms, designed or intended for use by one or more persons, in which sanitary conveniences are provided, in which facilities are provided for cooking, or the installation of cooking equipment, in which a heating system is provided and containing a private entrance from outside the building or from a common hall or stairway inside.




3.71.1 "DWELLING UNIT, ACCESSORY" shall mean a dwelling unit which is part of and accessory to a permitted non-residential building other than an automobile service station or commercial garage. Such dwelling unit shall be occupied by the owner of the non-residential building or by a person employed on the lot where such dwelling unit is located.




3.72 "DWELLING, CONVERTED" shall mean a dwelling erected prior to passing of this By-law altered to contain not more than 2 dwelling units.




3.73 "DWELLING, DUPLEX" shall mean a building that is divided horizontally into two dwelling units, each of which has an independent entrance either directly or through a common vestibule.




3.74 "DWELLING, MULTIPLE" shall mean a separate building containing three or more dwelling units which are horizontally and/or vertically attached with masonry walls and which have separate private entrances from the exterior of the building or from a common hallway.




3.75 "DWELLING, SENIOR CITIZEN MULTIPLE" shall mean any multiple dwelling for senior citizens sponsored and administered by any public agency or any service club, church or non-profit organization, either of which obtains its financing from Federal, Provincial or Municipal governments, or by public subscription or donation, or by any combination thereof, and such multiple dwellings shall include auxiliary uses such as club and lounge facilities, usually associated with senior citizens' development.




3.76 "DWELLING, SEASONAL" shall mean a detached building constructed and used as a secondary place of residence for seasonal vacations and recreational purposes and not as the principal residence of the owner or occupant thereof.




3.77 "DWELLING, SEMI-DETACHED" shall mean a separate building containing two single dwelling units separated vertically by a common wall, each unit having separate entrance and exit facilities.




3.78 "DWELLING, SINGLE DETACHED" shall mean a separate building designed and intended to be occupied as a single housekeeping unit.




3.79 "DWELLING UNIT, BACHELOR" shall mean a dwelling unit consisting of one bathroom and not more than two habitable rooms providing therein living, dining, sleeping and kitchen accommodation in appropriate individual or combination room or rooms.




3.80 "EATING ESTABLISHMENT" shall mean a building or part of a building where food is prepared and/or cooked for sale to the public, and includes a restaurant, a drive-in restaurant, a take-out restaurant, a snack bar, a dairy bar, coffee shop, dining room, café, ice cream parlour, tea or lunch room or refreshment stand but does not include a boarding or rooming house or a chip wagon or chip truck.




3.81 "ELDERLY PERSONS' CENTRE" shall mean any facility intended primarily for the use of elderly persons for purposes which include social, cultural, athletic or recreational activities, and shall include any centre established under the Elderly Persons Centres Act, as amended.




3.82 "ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STUDY (EIS)" shall mean a study prepared in accordance with established procedures, as outlined in Section 3.2.8 of the County of Hastings Official Plan.




3.83 "EQUIPMENT SALES/RENTAL AND REPAIR ESTABLISHMENT" shall mean a building or part of a building, structure or yard in which articles, machinery and equipment, including heavy machinery are offered for rent and may be serviced or repaired, and may be offered or kept for rent, lease or hire under agreement for compensation.




3.84 "ERECT" when used in this By-law includes construction, reconstruction, and relocation of buildings and structures, and without limiting the generality of the work, also includes:




i) any preliminary physical operation such as excavating, filling, regrading or draining;

ii) altering any existing building or structure by adding, enlarging, extending, remodelling, renovating, moving, demolishing, or effecting other structural changes;

iii) any work for the doing of which a building permit is required under the Building By-law of the Corporation; and

iv) erect, erected or erection shall have a corresponding meaning.


3.85 "ESTABLISHED BUILDING LINE" shall mean the average setback of the existing buildings. A building line is considered to be established when at least three buildings have been erected on any one side of a continuous 300 metres (984.3 ft.) of land with street frontage.




3.86 "ESTABLISHED GRADE" shall mean the average elevation of the ground level or sidewalk adjoining the front wall of the building or structure.




3.87 "EXISTING" unless otherwise described, shall mean existing as of the date of the passing of this By-law.




3.88 "EXTERIOR SIDE LOT LINE" see "LOT LINE, EXTERIOR SIDE".




3.89 "EXTERIOR SIDE YARD" see "YARD, SIDE".




3.90 "FARM IMPLEMENT AND SUPPLY DEALER" shall mean an establishment for the repair and/or sale of agricultural implements including the sale of fuel, lubricants and related items for agricultural equipment on the same premises.




3.91 "FARM PRODUCE OUTLET" shall mean a use accessory to a permitted farm which consists of the retail sale of agricultural products.




3.92 "FACTORY OUTLET" shall mean a building or part of a building in which the wholesale sale of products to the general public is carried on. The outlet may or may not be in the factory in which the goods were produced nor must the outlet be located on the same property in which the factory is located.




3.93 "FLEA MARKET" shall mean a building or part of a building where second hand goods, articles and antiques are offered or kept for sale at retail to the general public but shall not include any other establishment otherwise defined or classified herein.




3.94 "FLOOD PLAIN" shall mean:




i) the area, usually low lands, adjoining a watercourse which has been, or may be, covered by flood waters; or

ii) where the high water mark is not known, any land situated between a watercourse and a line parallel to and at a distance of 15 metres (49.2 ft.) measured at right angles from the top of the bank of a watercourse; or

iii) where the high water mark is not known and the bank of a watercourse is not discernible, the horizontal area, 20 metres (65.6 ft.) wide, on either side of the centre of a watercourse.


3.95 "FLOOR AREA, GROSS" shall mean the total floor area of all the storeys of a building and shall include the floor area of any apartment or areas common to the tenants, which floor areas are measured between exterior faces of the exterior walls of the building at each floor level, but excluding car parking areas within the building and any finished or unfinished basement or cellar. For the purpose of this definition, the walls of an inner court are and shall be deemed to be exterior walls.




3.96 "FLOOR, GROUND" shall mean the lowest storey of a building, approximately at or first above the finished grade level.




3.97 "FLOOR AREA, GROUND" shall mean the floor area of the lowest storey of a building, approximately at or first above the finished grade level, of which the area is measured between the exterior faces of the exterior walls at the floor level of such storey, but excludes car parking areas within the building and any finished or unfinished basement or cellar. For the purpose of this paragraph, the walls of an inner court are and shall be deemed to be exterior walls.




3.98 "FOOD MARKET" shall mean a building or part of a building wherein food and other household items are kept for sale at retail to the general public and which operates on a self-service, cash and carry basis.




3.99 "FORESTRY/FORESTRY USES" shall mean the management, development, cultivation and harvesting of timber resources to ensure the continuous production of wood or wood products, provision of proper environmental conditions for wildlife, protection against floods and erosion, protection and production of water supplies, and preservation of the recreation resource.




3.100 "FOUNDATION" shall mean a system or arrangement of structural members including footings, rafts or piles through which the loads from a building are transferred to supporting soil or rock.




3.101 "FRONT LOT LINE" see "LOT LINE, FRONT".




3.102 "FRONT YARD" see "YARD, FRONT".




3.103 "FUEL STORAGE TANK" shall mean a tank for the bulk storage of petroleum, gasoline, fuel, oil, gas or flammable liquid or fluid but does not include a container for flammable liquid or fluid legally and properly kept in a retail store or a tank for storage merely incidental to some other use of the premises where such tank is located.




3.104 "FUNERAL HOME" shall mean a building, or a portion of a building, designed for the purpose of furnishing funeral supplies and services to the public and includes facilities intended for the preparation of the dead human body for interment or cremation.




3.105 "GARAGE, COMMERCIAL" shall mean a building, structure or lot where commercial motor vehicles are stored or where vehicles are repaired or maintained.




3.106 "GARAGE, PRIVATE" shall mean a separate building or a part of the principal building used for the parking or storage of private passenger motor vehicles or commercial vehicles of less than one tonne capacity and wherein neither servicing nor repairing is carried on for remuneration.




3.107 "GARAGE, PUBLIC" see "AUTOMOBILE SERVICE STATION".




3.108 "GARDEN SUITE" shall mean a one unit detached residential structure containing bathroom and kitchen facilities that is ancillary to an existing residential structure and that is designed to be portable. Under no circumstances shall a garden suite be defined to include a single wide or double wide mobile home, a motorized mobile home, a travel trailer, tent trailer or trailer otherwise designed.




3.109 "GAS BAR" shall mean one or more pump islands, each consisting of one or more gasoline pumps and shelter having a floor area of not more than 100 square feet, excluding washrooms, which shall not be used for the sale of any product other than liquids and small accessories required for the operation of motor vehicles and shall not be used for repairs, oil changes or greasing, but this definition shall not include a kiosk on a pump island.




3.110 "GASOLINE PUMP ISLAND" shall mean a structure which is an accessory use intended to provide gasoline for vehicles.




3.111 "GAZEBO" shall mean a freestanding, roofed accessory structure which is not enclosed, except for screening or glass and which is utilized for the purposes of relaxation in conjunction with a residential dwelling but shall not include any other use or activity otherwise defined or classified in this By-law.




3.112 "GIFT SHOP" shall mean a building or part of a building where crafts, souvenirs, gifts or similar items are offered or kept for sale at retail to the general public but shall not include any other establishment otherwise defined or classified in this By-law.




3.113 "GOLF COURSE" shall mean a public or private area operated for the purpose of playing golf and includes a par 3 or larger golf course, a miniature golf course and driving range.




3.114 "GREENHOUSE" shall mean a building for the growing of plants, shrubs, trees and similar vegetation which are primarily intended to be transplanted outdoors.




3.115 "GROUP HOME" shall mean a dwelling unit in which not less than three and no more than six people receive specialized or sheltered residential care and accommodation by virtue of their physical, mental, emotional, social or legal status and which is approved or licensed in accordance with any Act of the Parliament of Ontario. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, group homes include a home for foster children, a home for elderly persons, a home for mentally challenged or physically disabled persons and a home for people who are convalescing after hospital treatment and are under medical supervision but does not include a facility maintained and operated primarily for persons:




i) who have been placed on probation under the Probation Act, The Criminal Code (Canada) or the Juvenile Delinquent Act (Canada); or

ii) who have been released on parole under the Ministry of Correctional Services Act; the Parole Act (Canada) or the Provincial Offences Act; or

iii) who are admitted to the institution for correctional purposes.




3.116 "HEALTH SPA" shall mean a building or buildings and associated land, facilities and accessory buildings and uses which provide for the physical and emotional treatment of the human body.




3.117 "HEREAFTER" shall mean after the date of the passing of this By-law.




3.118 "HEREIN" shall mean in this By-law and shall not be limited to any particular section of this By-law.




3.119 "HIGH WATER MARK" shall mean the mark made by the action of water under natural conditions on the shore or bank of a body of water, which action has been so common and usual and so long continued that it has created a difference between the character of the vegetation or soil on one side of the mark and the character of the vegetation or soil on the other side of the mark.




3.120 "HOME INDUSTRY" shall mean an industry which is clearly incidental or secondary to the residential use of a single detached dwelling and is conducted either entirely within a single dwelling or in an accessory building to a single dwelling, by an inhabitant thereof. Such industries shall include: a woodworking shop; a welding shop; a small engine repair shop, a blacksmith shop or similar use.




3.121 "HOME OCCUPATION" shall mean a use which is clearly incidental or secondary to the residential use of a dwelling and is conducted entirely within such a dwelling by an inhabitant thereof and shall not use more than 25% of the gross floor area of the dwelling. Such uses may, among others, include an outlet or office for a real estate agent; hairdresser; dressmaker; dentist; doctor; chiropractor; physiotherapist; licensed masseur or masseuse or osteopath or other professional; or a bed and breakfast establishment.




3.122 "HOSPITAL, PRIVATE" shall mean a hospital as defined by the Public Hospitals Act, as amended from time to time.




3.123 "HOSPITAL, PUBLIC" shall mean a hospital as defined by the Public Hospitals Act, as amended from time to time.




3.124 "HOTEL" shall mean a building or structure used for the purpose of catering to the needs of the travelling public by supplying sleeping accommodations, and may or may not include food and refreshments and which may include permanent staff accommodation and may or may not be licenced under the Liquor Licence Act.




3.125 "INTENSIVE AGRICULTURE" see "AGRICULTURE, INTENSIVE".




3.126 "INTERIOR SIDE YARD" see "YARD, SIDE".




3.127 "KENNEL" shall mean a building or structure where dogs, cats, or other domestic household pets are kept, boarded and/or bred and the operation is registered by an appropriate recognized professional organization or club and in which enclosed outside runs shall be permitted, but shall not apply to the keeping of animals in a veterinary establishment for the purpose of observation and/or recovery necessary to veterinary treatment.




3.128 "LANE" shall mean a thoroughfare or way, which affords only a secondary means of access to abutting property.




3.129 "LANDSCAPED" shall mean an area not built upon and not used for any purpose other than as a landscaped area and which shall include at least a hedgerow of hardy shrubs or similar type of vegetation not less than .3 metres (1 ft.) in height at the time of planting and which, when fully grown, will reach a height of not less than 2 metres (6.6 ft.), extending the full length of the landscaped area and be maintained in a healthy growing condition. A landscaped area does not include driveways, parking spaces or parking aisles.




3.130 "LAUNDRY AND DRY CLEANING SHOP" shall mean a building or part of a building used for the purpose of receiving articles or goods of fabric to be subjected to a commercial process of laundering, dry cleaning, dry dyeing or cleaning elsewhere and for the pressing and distribution of any such articles or goods which have been subjected to any such process and shall include self-service laundry and/or self-service dry cleaning establishments.




3.131 "LIVESTOCK" shall mean poultry, turkeys, cattle, hogs, horses, mink, rabbits, sheep, goats, fur bearing animals or any other domesticated animal used for consumption.

3.132 "LIVESTOCK FACILITY" shall mean a farm unit which includes the raising or keeping of livestock as defined herein.




3.133 "LOADING SPACE" shall mean an unencumbered area of land which is provided and maintained upon the same lot or lots upon which the principal use is located and which area:




i) is provided for the temporary parking of one commercial motor vehicle while merchandise or materials are being loaded or unloaded from such vehicle, and such parking shall not be for the purpose of sale or display;

ii) is suitable for the temporary parking of one commercial motor vehicle;

iii) is not upon or partly upon any street, lane or alley; and

iv) has adequate access to permit ingress and egress of a commercial motor vehicle from a street by means of driveways, aisles, manoeuvring areas or similar areas, no part of which shall be used for the temporary parking or storage of one or more motor vehicles.




3.134 "LODGE" shall mean an establishment catering to the vacationing public by providing meals and sleeping accommodation to at least five (5) guests in rooms or cabins, but shall not include any establishment otherwise defined herein.




3.135 "LOGGING" shall mean the removal or cutting of merchantable timber either by strip or clear or total cutting operations but does not include the selective harvesting of mature timber nor does it include the clearing of land incidental to putting the land into a condition necessary for the bonafide exercise of a use specifically permitted herein and selective harvesting as used herein means the harvesting of mature timber while causing a minimum of damage to adjacent growth in accordance with good forestry practice.




3.136 "LOT" shall mean a parcel of land, the boundaries of which are defined in the last registered instrument by which legal or equitable title to the said parcel was lawfully and effectively conveyed or which is a whole lot as shown on a Registered Plan of Subdivision subject to the provisions of the Planning Act.




3.137 "LOT AREA" shall mean the total horizontal area within the lot line of a lot, and in the case of a corner lot having street lines rounding at the corner with a radius of 6 metres (19.7 ft.) or less, the lot area of such lot is to be calculated as if the lot lines were projected to their point of intersection.




3.138 "LOT, CORNER" shall mean a lot situated at the intersection of two or more streets or private roads, having an angle of intersection of not more than 135 degrees. The front lot line on a corner lot is deemed to be either lot line abutting the street.




3.139 "LOT COVERAGE" shall mean that percentage of the lot area covered by all buildings or structures but excluding any part of a building or structure which is constructed entirely below grade. For the purposes of calculating lot coverage, the lot coverage of each zone shall be deemed to apply only to that portion of such lot that is located within the said zone.




3.140 "LOT DEPTH" shall mean the horizontal distance between the midpoints of the front and rear lot lines, and where there is no rear lot line, lot depth means the length of a line within the lot between the midpoint of the front lot line and the most distance point of the apex(s) of a triangle formed by the side lot lines.




3.141 "LOT FRONTAGE" shall mean the horizontal distance between the side lot lines measured along the front lot line, but where the front lot line is not a straight line or where the side lot lines are not parallel, the lot frontage is to be measured nine (9) metres (29.5 ft.) back from the front lot line and parallel to the chord of the lot frontage. For the purpose of this paragraph the chord of the lot frontage is a straight line joining the two points where the side lot lines intersect the front lot line.




3.142 "LOT, INTERIOR" shall mean a lot other than a corner lot.




3.143 "LOT LINE" shall mean any boundary of a lot.




3.144 "LOT LINE, EXTERIOR SIDE" shall mean the longer of the lot lines of a corner lot which abuts a street.




3.145 "LOT LINE, FRONT" shall mean the line that divides a lot from a street, a private road or a navigable waterway. In the case of a lot with frontage on a street, the front lot line shall be deemed to be the line that divides the lot from the street. In the case of a lot with frontage on a private road and/or a navigable waterway, either lot line may be deemed to be the front lot line. In the case of a corner lot either lot line may be deemed to be the front lot line.




3.146 "LOT LINE, REAR" shall mean the lot line farthest from and opposite to the front lot line and where the side lot lines converge at the rear of the lot to form a triangular shaped parcel of land, the rear lot line shall mean the apex of the triangle formed by the side lot lines. Furthermore, where the rear lot line is situated adjacent to a body of water, such lot line shall be the line formed by the high water mark of a body of water.




3.147 "LOT LINE, SIDE" shall mean any lot line other than the rear or front lot line.




3.148 "LOT, THROUGH" shall mean a lot bounded on two opposite sides by streets provided however that if any lot qualifies as being both a corner lot and a through lot as herein defined, such lot shall be deemed a corner lot for the purpose of this By-law.




3.149 "LUMBER YARD" shall mean an area where finished and unfinished lumber is stored but does not include an establishment or area otherwise defined in this by-law.




3.150 "MANUFACTURING OR PROCESSING PLANT" shall mean a plant in which the process of producing a product suitable for use by hand and/or mechanical power and machinery is carried on systematically with division of labour.




3.151 "MARINA, PUBLIC/PRIVATE" shall mean a building or structure with access to a body of water, where boats and boat accessories are berthed, stored, serviced, repaired or kept for sale and where facilities for the sale of marine fuels and lubricants may be provided.




3.152 MARINE/SNOWMOBILE DEALER" shall mean any building or structure used for the purpose of supplying and selling marine and snowmobile products and may include repair facilities for the purpose of repairing only those items either sold by or related to the products supplied by the dealer.




3.153 "MARINE FACILITY" shall mean an accessory building or structure which is used to take a boat into or out of a waterbody to moor, berth or store a boat and includes a boat launching ramp, boat lift, pumping station, dock or boathouse and a water pumphouse but shall not include any building used for human habitation or any boat service, repair or sales facility and shall comply with the minimum side yard requirements of the respective zone.




3.154 "MARKET GARDEN" shall mean the use of land for the intensive commercial cultivation of vegetables, fruits or flowers.




3.155 "MERCHANDISE SERVICE SHOP" shall mean a building or part of a building, whether connected with a retail shop or not, in which persons are employed in furnishing the repair or servicing of articles, machines, goods or materials as opposed to the manufacture of same. Merchandise service shops include such establishments as small engine repair of such items as lawn mowers, chainsaws and snowmobiles.




3.156 "MINIMUM DISTANCE SEPARATION" shall mean a separation requirement as provided for in Appendix 1 and 2.




i) Minimum Distance Separation I provides minimum distance separation for new or expanding development from existing livestock facilities.

ii) Minimum Distance Separation II provides minimum distance separation for new or expanding livestock facilities from existing or approved development.




3.157 "MOTEL" shall mean an establishment which consists of one or more than one building containing more than one rental unit for the purpose of catering to the travelling public, to whom the automobile is the principal means of transportation, by furnishing sleeping accommodations with or without meals and which may include permanent staff accommodation and may or may not be licenced under the Liquor Licence Act.




3.158 "MOTORIZED ALL TERRAIN VEHICLE (A.T.V.)" shall mean a motorized recreational vehicle used for off road recreational purposes.




3.159 "MOTORIZED MOBILE HOME/RECREATIONAL VEHICLE" shall mean any motor vehicle so constructed as to be a self-contained, self-propelled unit capable of being utilized for the living, sleeping or eating accommodation of persons.




3.160 "MOTORIZED SNOW VEHICLE" shall mean a motorized snow vehicle within the meaning of The Motorized Snow Vehicle Act.




3.161 "MULTIPLE DWELLING" see "DWELLING, MULTIPLE".




3.162 "MUNICIPAL/PUBLIC UTILITIES YARD" shall mean a lot which may include a building or structure and also associated storage structures used for the storage, maintenance or repair of equipment, machinery or motor vehicles used in connection with civil works and shall include a public works yard.




3.163 "MUNICIPALITY" shall mean the Corporation of the Township of Madoc.




3.164 "NON-COMPLYING USE" shall mean a permitted land use, building or structure existing at the date of the passing of this By-law which does not fulfil the requirements of the zone provisions (e.g. yard setbacks) for the zone within which it is located, but which may continue to be used or exist, provided there is no change in that use (e.g. enlargement of the structure).




3.165 "NON-CONFORMING USE" shall mean a lawful and specific use, building, structure or land existing at the date of the passing of this By-law which does not fulfil the requirements of the use provisions for the zone in which it is located, but which may continue to be used for such purposes or activities, provided there is no change in that use.




3.166 "NUISANCE" shall mean any condition existing that is or may become injurious or dangerous to health or that prevents or hinders or may prevent or hinder in any manner the suppression of a disease.




3.167 "NURSERY/GARDEN CENTRE/GREENHOUSE" shall mean:




i) a place where young trees or other plants are grown for transplanting or for sale, and may also include the sale of related accessory supplies.

ii) land used for the growing of sod, flowers, bushes, trees or other gardening, landscaping or orchard stock for wholesale or retail sale.

iii) a building or structure, and lands associated therewith, for the growing of flowers, fruits, vegetables, plants, shrubs, trees or similar vegetation together with gardening tools and implements which are sold at retail from such building or lot to the general public.




3.168 "NURSERY SCHOOL" shall mean a day nursery within the meaning of the Day Nurseries Act, as amended from time to time, and shall include a day care centre.




3.169 "NURSING HOME" shall mean:




i) a building in which the proprietor supplies for hire or gain, lodging with or without meals and, in addition, provides nursing, medical or similar care and treatment, if required, and includes a rest home, or convalescent home, and any other establishment required to operate under the appropriate statute.

ii) any premises in which persons are cared for, lodged, either by a charitable institution within the meaning of the appropriate statute or for hire, where, in addition to sleeping accommodation and meals, personal care, nursing services or medical care and treatment are provided or made available, but shall not include a Maternity boarding house. For the purpose of this definition, 'personal care' means personal services such as the provision of aid to residents in walking or climbing or descending stairs, in getting in or out of bed, in feeding, dressing, bathing or in other matters of personal hygiene, and includes the preparation of special diets, the provision of tray service for meals, the supervision of medication and other similar types of personal assistance and 'resident' means a person who is cared for or lodged for hire in such premises.




3.170 "OPEN SPACE/OPEN SPACE USES" shall mean the open, unobstructed space on a lot, including the open, unobstructed space accessible to all occupants of any residential or commercial building or structure, which is suitable and used for the growth of grass, flowers, bushes and other vegetation and may include any surface pedestrian walk, patio, pool, or similar area, but does not include any driveway, ramp or parking spaces, parking aisles, loading spaces, vehicular manoeuvring areas or similar areas.




3.171 "ORNAMENTAL STRUCTURE" shall mean any ornamental fountain, statue, monument, cenotaph or other memorial or decorative structure not being part of or accessory to any other structure.




3.172 "OUTDOOR FURNACE" shall mean a building or structure that is used to provide heat or heated water to the main building on a lot but is separate from the main building on the lot.




3.173 "OUTSIDE STORAGE" shall mean an accessory storage area outside of the principal or main building on the lot.




3.174 "PARK, PRIVATE" shall mean a park other than a public park.




3.175 "PARK, PUBLIC" shall mean a recreational area owned or controlled by the Corporation or by any Board, Commission or other Authority established under any statute of the Province of Ontario or Government of Canada.




3.176 "PARKING AISLE" shall mean an area of land which abuts and provides direct vehicular access to one or more parking spaces.




3.177 "PARKING ANGLE" shall mean the angle, equal to or less than a right angle, formed by the intersection of the side of the parking space and line parallel to the aisle.




3.178 "PARKING AREA" shall mean an area of land which is provided and maintained upon the same lot or lots upon which the principal use is located or upon a privately owned lot situated within 60 metres (196.9 ft.) of the said lot and which areas comprise all parking spaces of at least the minimum number required according to the provisions of this By-law, and all driveways, aisles, vehicular manoeuvring areas, entrances, exits and similar areas used for the purpose of gaining access to or egress from the said parking spaces.




3.179 "PARKING LOT" shall mean any parking area other than a parking area accessory to a permitted use.




3.180 "PARKING SPACE" shall mean an area of land having a width of not less than 2.7 metres (8.9 ft.) and a length of not less than 6 metres (19.69 ft.), exclusive of aisles or any other land used for access or vehicular manoeuvring, for the temporary parking of one motor vehicle. A parking space may be located in the open or within a private garage, carport, building or other covered area and shall have adequate access to permit ingress and egress of a motor vehicle from a street by means of driveways, aisles or similar areas.




3.181 "PERSON(S)" shall mean any human being, association, firm, partnership, private club, incorporated company, corporation, agent, or trustee and the heirs, executors, or other legal representatives of a person to whom the context can apply according to law.




3.182 "PERSONAL SERVICE SHOP" shall mean a building or part of a building in which persons are employed in furnishing services and otherwise administering to the individual and personal needs of persons. Personal service shops, include such establishments as barber shops, hairdressing salons, shoe repair and shoeshine shops and depots for collecting drycleaning and laundry.




3.183 "PIT" shall mean land or land under water from which unconsolidated aggregate is being or has been excavated, and that has not been rehabilitated, but does not mean land or land under water excavated for a building or other work on the excavation site or in relation to which an order has been made under the Aggregate Resources Act.




3.184 "PLANTING SCREEN" shall mean a continuous hedgerow of evergreen trees or shrubs, not less than 1.6 metres (5.2 ft.) in height, immediately adjacent to the lot line or portion thereof along which such planting screen is required herein.




3.185 "PORTABLE CANTEEN" shall mean a vehicular and mobile facility where light meals and drink are prepared and served to the public and which does not necessarily provide for consumption thereof on the premises and shall include a chip truck or chip wagon.




3.186 "PRINTING/PUBLISHING ESTABLISHMENT" shall mean a building or part of a building in which the business of producing books, newspapers or periodicals by mechanical means and reproducing techniques such as photo copying is carried on and may include the sale of newspapers, books, magazines, periodicals or the like to the general public.




3.187 "PRIVATE CLUB" shall mean a building or part of a building used as a meeting place for members sharing a common interest and includes a fraternal lodge or organization and a labour union hall. Such private clubs shall not be operated for profit.




3.188 "PRIVATE GARAGE" see "GARAGE, PRIVATE".




3.189 "PRIVATE PARK" see "PARK, PRIVATE".




3.190 "PRIVATE ROAD" shall mean a street other than a "Street" as defined in this By-law.




3.191 "PROVINCIALLY SIGNIFICANT WETLANDS" shall mean Wetlands in the Great Lakes - St. Lawrence Region as defined in "An Evaluation System for Wetlands of Ontario South of the Precambrian Shield" Second Edition 1984 as amended from time to time.




3.192 "PUBLIC USE" shall mean the Corporation of the municipality and any Boards or Commissions thereof: the Bell Telephone Company of Canada, any company supplying natural gas to the municipality, the electric authority, the County of Hastings and any Department of the Government of Ontario and Canada, or other similarly recognized agencies.




3.193 "PUBLIC GARAGE" see "GARAGE, PUBLIC".




3.194 "PUBLIC PARK" see "PARK, PUBLIC".




3.195 "QUARRY" shall mean land or land under water from which consolidated aggregate is being or has been excavated and that has not been rehabilitated, but does not mean land or land under water excavated for a building or other work on the excavation site or in relation to which an order has been made under the Aggregate Resources Act.




3.196 "RACEWAY" shall mean a track for the running and/or training of horses which is accessory to the function of a riding stable or farm and which does not operate on a commercial basis.




3.197 "REAR LOT LINE" see "LOT LINE, REAR".




3.198 "REAR YARD" see "YARD, REAR".




3.199 "RECREATIONAL USE" shall mean the use of land for parks, playgrounds, tennis courts, lawn bowling greens, indoor and outdoor skating rinks, athletic fields, golf courses, picnic areas, swimming pools, riding clubs, day camps, community centres, snow skiing and all similar uses, together with necessary and accessory buildings and structures, but does not include an arcade or a track for the racing of animals, motor vehicles, snowmobiles or motorcycles.




3.200 "RECREATIONAL USE, ACTIVE OUTDOOR" shall mean uses such as golf courses, lawn bowling greens, tennis courts, outdoor skating rinks and swimming pools, together with necessary and accessory buildings and structures.




3.201 "RECREATIONAL USE, PASSIVE OUTDOOR" shall mean such uses as hiking and ski trails, nature observation locations and open space as opposed to (for example) tennis courts, golf courses and baseball diamonds.




3.202 "RECREATIONAL ESTABLISHMENT, COMMERCIAL" shall mean a building used or intended to be used for a theatre, bowling alley, curling rink, swimming pool, billiard parlour, health club, athletic club or similar uses.




3.203 "RELIGIOUS INSTITUTION" shall mean buildings used as dwellings by religious orders for their own members, such as a convent or monastery.




3.204 "RESEARCH FACILITY" shall mean a building or part of a building or an area of open space in which investigation or inquiry for the purpose of producing new information or products is carried on, and shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of Sections 5.20 and 5.21 of this By-law.




3.205 "RESIDENTIAL" shall mean the use of land, buildings, or structures for human habitation.




3.206 "RESTAURANT" shall mean a building or part of a building where food is prepared and/or cooked and offered for sale or sold to the public and where dining tables and table service are provided.




3.207 "RESTAURANT, DRIVE-IN" shall mean premises consisting of a building or structure, together with a parking lot, where food is prepared and/or cooked and offered for sale or sold to the public for consumption either in a motor vehicle parked on the parking lot or for consumption on the premises and where dining tables may be provided but table service is not provided.




3.208 "RESTAURANT, TAKE-OUT" shall mean a building or part of a building where food is prepared and/or cooked and offered for sale or sold to the public and where neither dining tables nor table service are provided.




3.209 "RETAIL STORE" shall mean a building or part of a building where goods, merchandise, substances, articles or things are offered for retail sale directly to the general public and includes storage on the store premises of such goods, merchandise, substances, articles or things sufficient only to service such store.




3.210 "RETAIL STORE, CONVENIENCE" shall mean a retail store serving the daily or occasional needs of the residents in the immediate area with a variety of goods such as groceries, meats, beverages, dairy products, patent medicines, sundries, tobacco, stationery, hardware, magazines and newspapers.




3.211 "SALVAGE YARD" shall mean a fenced lot and/or land for the storage and/or handling of scrap material, which without limiting the generality of the foregoing, may include vehicles, tires, metal, used bicycles, waste paper and/or other scrap material and salvage.




3.212 "SANITARY SEWER" shall mean a system of underground conduits, operated either by the Corporation


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